To reply the question of however accelerated Earth spins, you request to cognize 2 things: however agelong it takes to marque a afloat rotation, and Earth’s circumference. The clip it takes Earth to rotate truthful the prima appears successful the aforesaid presumption successful the sky, known arsenic a star day, is 24 hours. However, the clip it takes Earth to implicit 1 afloat rotation connected its axis with respect to distant stars is really 23 hours 56 minutes 4.091 seconds, known arsenic a sidereal day.
With this information, to enactment retired however accelerated Earth is spinning we request lone our planet’s circumference. At the equator, its circumference is astir 40,075 kilometres, truthful dividing this by the magnitude of time means that, astatine the equator, Earth spins astatine astir 1670 kilometres per hour.
However, this velocity of rotation isn’t accordant crossed the planet. As you determination northbound oregon south, the circumference of Earth gets smaller, truthful the velocity of rotation reduces until it reaches its slowest astatine some poles. And each of this is thing compared with the 107,000 kilometres per hr astatine which Earth orbits the sun.
If we are travelling truthful accelerated done space, wherefore can’t we consciousness it?
Simply put, arsenic Earth is spinning astatine a changeless speed, truthful does everything connected it. Travelling astatine the aforesaid velocity means we cannot consciousness the spin. It is similar driving a car. Even though you are moving, you aren’t alert of velocity due to the fact that it is constant. Only erstwhile you alteration speeds bash you announcement you are travelling, similar putting your ft connected the accelerator oregon making an exigency stop.
A alteration successful velocity has been happening present connected Earth, but it is acold excessively dilatory to notice. Millions of years ago, 1 Earth time was astir 22 hours, and Earth’s velocity has been dropping for much than a cardinal years, with days expanding by astir 2 milliseconds each century.
This dilatory down is caused by friction created by the ocean currents, tides and upwind pulling connected Earth’s surface. However, global warming whitethorn velocity things up again. As oversea level rises, this alteration successful wide could effect successful Earth spinning faster and reducing the magnitude of each time by 0.12 milliseconds, which would person melodramatic effects connected the calibration of atomic clocks and GPS systems.
What if Earth were to halt spinning?
Without a immense outer force, this is impossible. But, if Earth were to halt spinning, the ambiance would proceed to rotation astatine the velocity of Earth’s rotation, truthful thing not fixed to the surface, including trees and buildings, would beryllium swept distant by the beardown winds.
Each broadside of the satellite would get six months of continuous sunlight and six months of darkness. Without the centrifugal unit of the spin, the oceans would gradually determination towards the poles, creating a huge supercontinent crossed the equator.
But we wouldn’t beryllium flung disconnected Earth. Gravity and the centrifugal unit of Earth’s rotation support america grounded. In bid for america to consciousness weightless, the centrifugal unit would request to beryllium ramped up. At the equator, Earth would request to rotation astatine 28,437 kilometres per hr for america to beryllium lifted disconnected into space.